Martha Goldstein biography

Bio of Martha Goldstein

Martha Goldstein attended the Peabody Conservatory and the Juilliard School of Music, entirely on scholarships and fellowships. She obtained Artist Dimplomas from both institutions under her maiden name of Martha Svendsen. She won first prize in the Baltimore Steinway competition, and taught at the Peabody for 20 years.

She has given concerts in the US, Norway and Sweden. Her teachers were: Audrey Plitt, Eliza Woods, James Friskin and Mieczyslaw Munz.

What is said about her recordings of Chopin's Etudes on a period instrument:

Complete set of Op.10 & Op.25 on an historical instrument

What would the Chopin etudes sound on a piano from the time of Chopin? We might never know the true answer but Martha Goldstein gives us at least a clue when she recorded the complete set of Chopin's Etudes on an Erard from 1851. First, some words about the piano.

The invention of the double escapement mechanism of Sebastian Erard in 1822 transformed the technical capabilities of the Beethoven piano to make it a Chopin piano. The Etudes of Chopin were now possible because of this increase in performance. These early pianos sound different than the modern grand. They were designed for low string tension, with light strings, light bridge, and thin sound board. As a result, the produced tone is explosive and decays rapidly. The fast decay gives these pianos a special character. There is more clarity in fast passage-work than the modern grand. The early piano schools gave great emphasis to velocity, as it was a prerequisite for brilliance on these instruments.

The legato and sustaining powers of the instrument are limited compared to the modern grand. As a result slow movements were played faster, as attested by the metronome markings on the early editions of the Etudes. The pursuit of legato became a lifetime struggle for the pianist.

The Erard piano was famous during the Chopin era. Unhappily, the doors of Erard are now closed, the French being more inclined to support the visual arts rather than the musical ones. The contribution of the Erard family to the art of piano building is unsurpassed, as shown by references on the history of the piano.

The instrument used in this recording, Serial no. 22,657, was built in 1851 in Paris, 2 years after Chopin's death. It is approximately the size of a Steinway model B, but weighs only 450 lbs. about half the weight of the Steinway. The pitch stability of the instrument is poor - changing with the weather or vigorous playing. The fast decay, however, makes small tuning errors tolerable. The dynamical scale of the instrument is smaller than the modern grand. The greatest volume is less than half that of the model B. while the model B can be played considerably softer with reliability. For delicacy and clarity the Erard has the upper hand. The comparison is like that of a sports car to the touring sedan.

The piano was owned by Glenn D. White of Seattle. It was restored to playing condition by him with the assistance of Allen Goldstein. Minimal changes were made in the restoration so that the piano is in no sense modernized. The hammers and action are the original ones.

Here is a link to the recordings (Just scroll down the page a bit):

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